Transportation on Lombok Island

Mode of public transportation on Lombok island dominated by Bemo or Mini Van for most transport through the region, the price is fix base on destination. Other locals transportation is Cidomo, a cart motorized by horse, this Cidomo transportation is only for short destination between 5 - 10 Km. You can find a lots using Cidomo transportation between market to the nearest villagers also found a lot use on Gili island.

Taxi chartered service on call available 24 hours.

Except of Taxi service, visitor who don't understand "Bahasa Indoensia" the Indonesian language are not recommended to take a public transportation without a guide because there are not many of driver or rider speak English (western language).

For free hassle and bustle on the road, airport, jetty and bus station we offer private transfer service with licensed private card and English speaking driver to all destination over Lombok island include boat or private speed boat charter to Gili Island.

Special promo price for Lombok Airport pick up and car hire service during low season

LOMBOK PRIVATE TRANSFER SERVICE RATE (One way trip)

ROUTE/DESTINATION

Price per Car (1 - 5 Passengers)

Lombok International Airport to Mataram City Area IDR 250.000
Lombok International Airport to Senggigi Area IDR 300.000
Lombok International Airport to Gili Islands (Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno and Gili Air)
Includes Private Speed Boat Charter to Gili Islands
IDR 850.000
Lombok International Airport to Bangsal Harbor, Teluk Nare IDR 450.000
Lombok International Airport to Senaru IDR 600.000
Lombok International Airport to Labuhan Lombok / Kayangan/Sapit (Lombok Timur) IDR 550.000
Lombok International Airport to Sembalun Village IDR 750.000
 Lombok International Airport to Kuta Lombok  IDR 250.000
Lombok International Airport to Sekotong Area IDR 500.000
Lembar harbor to Mataram City IDR 300.000
Lembar harbor - Senggigi IDR 350.000
Lembar harbor to Teluk Nare/Bangsal IDR 500.000
Lembar harbor  to Gili Islands (Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno, Gili Air)
Includes Private Speed Boat Charter to Gili Islands
IDR 900.000
Lembar harbor to Senaru IDR 700.000
Lembar harbor to Labuhan Kayangan/Labuhan Lombok/Sapit IDR 700.000
Lembar harbor to Sembalun IDR 800.000
Lembar harbor to Kuta Lombok IDR 450.000
Lembar harbor to Sekotong barat, Pelangan/Tawun IDR 450.000
Senggigi to Kuta Beach Lombok IDR 450.000

Note: Bigger group available on request

When you book the trip or private transfer service with us at www.lombok-eccotour.com its include English speaking driver, private A/C car and entrance fee ticket at the port. Non sharing arrangement to ensure the privacy of our customers drop off directly to your hotel or destination from pick up point.

Terms Of Booking
- Minimum of 48 hours in advanced (By Phone or SMS),
- For the service after 18:00PM to Gili Islands, additional charges may apply.
- Prices are subject to change without prior notice.
- Special discount only for the group more than 3 persons

Lombok Culinary

LOMBOK CULINARY

Lombok, a small island is not only reach from culture and art, it is also reach in culinary which have special taste hot and spicy as well as the island name “Lombok” in Bahasa Indonesia is mean Chili paper that always using in all Lombok food. Not only Lombok Traditional food, other food such Padang food, Chinese food, Betawi food and western food also easy to find in restaurant around Lombok, but still dominated by Lombok food.

Pelecing kangkung khas LombokPlecing Kangkung
Plecing Kangkung, very popular on Lombok as a daily dishes to eat together with plain rice. Plecing kangkung consists of a boiled kangkung (water spinach) seasoning with Sambal Terasi (Special Lombok Chili Sauce) made from grounded fresh red chili, tomato, sprouts, salt, grilled coconut, roasted shrimp paste and lime. It’s taste hot and spicy.

ayam-taliwang lombokAyam Taliwang
Ayam Taliwang, a tour of Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara will not be complete without tasting the local food of Ayam Taliwang. The uniqueness of Ayam Taliwang comes from chicken that is used, still fresh and young. Beside that, it also can be served as fried chicken, spicy roasted chicken, and also honey roasted chicken. Ayam Taliwang always serve together with Plecing Kangkung with spicy chili sauce and rice.

Bebalung Khas NTBBebalung
Bebalung is Sasak language means ribs. This food called Bebalung because made from cows or goats ribs. Its cooked similar to common soup but very well done so the meat at the bones become very soft with traditional seasoning blends. This menu always available in every celebration of local residents. Served with plain rice, slice of lemon and chili make it fresh and tasty. The soup and chili served in separate so for someone who can’t eat spicy food can try this.

Sate Ikan TanjungSate Ikan Tanjung
Sate Ikan Tanjung (Fish Satay) Originally coming from a village called Tanjung - Northern Lombok. Pieces of fresh snapper or tuna mixed with coconut milk, lemongrass, garlic, chilli paper, spices, wrapped onto sate stick and grilled. Easy to find this Satay in Ampenan and Tanjung where the food come from. Usually served separate with young chili.

Sate pusutSate Pusut (Pusut Satay)
The kind of this Satay made from coconut, seasoning and meat. Mix together and put in the stick then grilled. This food is available in every celebration as the choice beside of Satay Tanjung, Chicken Satay and Lamb Satay.

ares-lombokAres
Ares is kind of curry dishes, it made from Ares (Batang Pisang) or in English called banana stem especially inner part cooked together with special seasoning in coconut milk and mixed with meat of chicken, beef or even fish. Its become one of the menu that should available with the Sate (satay), bebalung and pelecing Kangkun on every celebration people in Lombok such as weeding, local ritual, Hari Raya Lebaran (Idul fitri) serve always with rice.

Visas On Arrival

VISAS AND DOCUMENTATION

Tourist visas are only intended for tourists who are visiting Indonesia, NOT for expatriates intending to work and live for an extended period of time. Tourist visas will be needed by friends or family coming to visit you during your stay in Indonesia.

Visa On Arrival (VOA) system for citizens of 52 nations:


Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bahrain
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria
Cambodia
Canada
Cyprus
Denmark
Egypt
Estonia
People’s Republic of China
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Russia

Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
India
Iran
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Kuwait
Laos
Saudi Arabia
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Switzerland

Liechtenstein
Luxembourg
Maldives
Malta
Mexico
Monaco
The Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Oman
Suriname
Taiwan
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States of America
Sweden

The cost of the 30-day (only) tourist visa is US$25/person and US$10/person for a 3-day visa.

Visitors from countries with visa-on-arrival facility will have to go to a special counter to have their passports stamped with the on-arrival visa before going to the immigration clearance desk. The VOA visa is NOT EXTENDABLE OR RENEWABLE. A visa issued on arrival can be extended only in extraordinary circumstances such as natural disasters, accident, or illness. If you want to stay in Indonesia longer than the 30 days you must exit and re-enter the country on a new tourist visa.

Visa purchasing takes 15-30 minutes per applicant, depending on the number of persons applying. Payment counters, a bank counter, and a money changer have been set up to process payments. Passport must be valid for at least six months from the date of arrival. Payment must be made on arrival. An onward or return trip ticket must be shown on arrival.

PASSPORT
Passports for your family members are issued by a passport office from your own country. While your government may allow children to follow on their mother's passports, it is better to have separate passports for every family member, just in case separate travel is required.

In order to apply for any visa to Indonesia, your passport must be valid for at least six months. If your passport is nearing expiration, we recommend you renew it to the maximum time allowable before you begin procedures to apply for an Indonesian entry visa.

The visa on arrival facility is only available at the following international gateways:


Airports:

Medan
Pekanbaru
Padang
Soekarno Hatta Cengkareng – Jakarta
Surabaya
Ngurah Rai Denpasar (Bali)
Manado
Halim Perdana Kusuma in Jakarta
Adisucipto in Yogyakarta
Adisumarmo in Solo
Selaparang in Mataram Lombok
Sepinggan in Balikpapan Kalimantan
Hasanudddin in Makasar
Eltari in Kupang, Timor
Makassar, Sulawesi


Seaports:

Batam
Tanjung Uban (Bintan)
Belawan (Medan)
Sibolga (Sumatra)
Dumai
Teluk Bayur (Padang, Sumatra)
Padang Bai (Bali)
Jayapura (Papua)
Teluk Bayar in (Padang, Sumatra)
Bitung, Tanjung Balaikarimun
Tanjung Mas (Semarang)
Tenau (Kupang)
Pare Pare (Sulawesi)
Bintang Pura (Tanjung Pinang)


Visa-free facility is granted to the citizens of 11 countries whose governments extend visa free facility to Indonesian nationals would continue to enjoy short visa-free stays. Included in the 11 countries and administrative districts that are granted the 30-day visa-free facility are:

Brunei Darussalam
Chile
Hongkong Special Administrative Region
Macau Special Administrative Region
Malaysia
Morocco
Peru
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Vietnam

Visitors with the visa-free facility will be able to proceed directly to the immigration clearance counter after deplaning. Passport must be valid for a minimum of six months from the date of arrival. Onward or return tickets must be shown on arrival.

Citizens of other countries not on the visa on arrival or visa free lists will be required to apply for a visa overseas (in their home country) before entering Indonesia. Citizens of any country wishing to stay more than 30 days must also apply for an appropriate visa (cultural visit or business) at their nearest Indonesian Embassy or Consulate before traveling to Indonesia.

Tour Agents are able to arrange express handling for groups at no additional charge by presenting the completed immigration cards, passports and applicable visa fee. Passengers who overstay their visa period for a short period of time can be processed immediately at the airport by paying US$ 25 for every day they overstayed their 30-day visa. Airlines that experience technical difficulties or delayed flights can apply for their passengers to be exempted from paying any overstay penalties.

The current tourist visa policy cuts the length of stay for tourist visas from the previous 60 days to 30 days. It is NO LONGER possible to stay in Indonesia more than 30 days on a tourist visa.

According to Indonesia's bureaucracy, arriving tourists may be asked to produce the following documents:
1. Fill up the Visa Application Form
2. Attach the passport (must be valid for a minimum of six months from the date of arrival)
3. Recent Photograph (4 x 6 CM) at least 2 months old.
4. Roundtrip air ticket

Beware ... of the 30-day counting trap! The way they immigration officials count the 30-day period is: you arrive on the 1st day with, for instance, a 30-day visa, and you must leave on the 30th day (not the 31st or the first of the next month, as you might think).

If you want to stay in Indonesia LONGER than 30 days, you must leave the country and re-enter on a new tourist visa. People commonly fly to Singapore or Timor for this. There is no stipulation on the time you must stay outside Indonesia, in fact, you can return the same day if you want and be issued a new visa upon your arrival in Indonesia.

CUSTOM REGULATIONS
You must have at least 6 (six) months validity of passport to enter Indonesia.
Visa On Arrival (VOA) can be obtain at the International Airports in major cities of Indonesia.
According to customs regulations, one adult is allowed to bring into Indonesia a maximum of one liter of alcoholic beverages, 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 1000 grams of tobacco, and reasonable amount of perfume.
Photographic, video and filming equipment radios, typewriters, and cars are admitted provide they are recorded in your passport on entry and taken out of the country on departure.
Narcotic, firearm and ammunition, TV set, and Chinese medicine are strictly prohibited. Fresh fruit, plants and animals must be passed by Quarantine Office.

Lombok Culture

Lombok Culture and Attraction

Lombok has a rich and enduring indigenous culture that has withstood the pressures of modernity remarkably well. The strong remnant culture and history of the Sasak people is one of the many unique attractions of the island. The island has of a total population of 3,311,044 (as of 2014 Census), 85% are indigenous Sasak people whose origins are thought to have arisen from Java in the first millennium BC. Other residents include an estimated 10–15% Balinese, with the small remainder being Tionghoa-peranakan, Javanese, Sumbawanese and Arab Indonesians. The Sasak people are culturally and linguistically closely related to the Balinese, but unlike the Hindu Balinese, the majority practice local Muslim faith and traditions.

nyongkolan-lombok002341. NyomgkolanNyogkolan (Wedding party) in Lombok
One very common cultural Lombok event is the street processional following a wedding ceremony. Nyongkolan is a highly-structured procession of ordered tiers including Pemucuk, or the entourage of the family of the bridegroom's parents; Penglingsir and Pawongan, or religious, community and custom leaders; Karas, or bearers of woven bamboo containers with the bride's favorite items; and the bridal entourage flanked by "troops" carrying traditional spears.

The next tier is Pawestri, a female entourage in traditional Lombok dress with Tawak-Tawak artists and the groom flanked by "troops" carrying traditional spears. Then comes Pengerebeng, or a line of males in custom dress followed by the Gendang Beleq artists. More info....

gendang-beleq-lombok0092. Gendang Beleq /Big Drum (Lombok Traditional Musik)
Gendang Beleq is one of the most popular traditional dance from Lombok. It is named so because each dancer plays a big beleq (drum). In the old times, this dance was performed to say good bye to the soldiers who went to battle fields, and also to welcome those soldiers when they returned. Nowadays this dance is performed to welcome important visitors.
It also a lot performed in various occasions such as marriage ceremonies, in a parade called Nyongkolan and also for the entertainment of the important guests in Lombok. The performance of Gendang Beleq also combined with dance called Gandrung. The dance involves two huge drums to accompany it. The word “Beleq” means huge and the other word “Gendang” stands for drum. The drums make loud noises, which in turn signify the essence that makes war. 4 or 6 Oceh/Oncer dancer also plays Copeh Instrument and 1 person plays Petuk. Additional instrument are Suling, Gong, Terumpang, Kenceng and Pencek. Total player in a group of this performance is around forty persons. More info.....

malean-sampi-lombok00200443. Malean Sampi Festival Lombok
Malean sampi (cows race))From many festivals that are celebrated in Lombok, the Male'an Sampi Festival of Lombok is a famous one that is celebrated with much so fun. The Male'an Sampi Festival of Lombok is unique for the reason that unlike other festivals, the Male'an Sampi Festival of Lombok is a power-charged game ritual. People have been known the Male’an Sampi Festival since 18 century in the government of Japan era in Indonesia.

The name of the Male'an Sampi Festival of Lombok “Male'an Sampi” can be split into two Sasak words “Male’an” and Sampi”. The word of “Male’an”means ‘chase’or as ‘to run after’ in Sasak, while the “Sampi” means ‘cow’. So literally the Male'an Sampi Festival of Lombok is a festival of cow race or, more broadly, ‘cattle race’ More info...

peresean-lombok0094. Presean (fighting with rattan stick)
Presean is an extreme fight game as the symbol of masculinity of Sasaknes man in Lombok. This game is battle of two men armed with rattan sticks in Sasak language called Penjalin and armored buffalo skin thick and hard called Ende. Two men fighters armed with "Penjalin" attack to each other, defending their opponent's blows with Ende. The fighters in local Lombok language "Sasak" called Pepadu, they are come from selected brave and gentle man who just wearing 'Sarung" and headband without any clothes or other body and face protectors. There is "Pakembar" as the referee of the game.

The Presean cultural is already known from Lombok Sasak society for generations, originally a part traditional ceremony of the happiness of soldiers in Lombok Kingdom when they get won in a war and a ritual ceremony to invoke the rain as drought. As well as its historic associations, the fight also serves to ask God for rain for the imminent planting season with the ancient belief being that the more blood spilled, the more rain would follow. Presean fighting now it’s become part of tradition and entertainment culture performance in Lombok more info.

nyale-festival0025. Lombok Bau Nyale FestivalLombok Bau Nyale Festival
One of Lombok’s most important and popular festivals is Bau Nyale, meaning “to catch the sea worms” in local Sasak language., the Nyale is sea worms in a variety of colours are brown or pale cream to red and green.

Bau Nyale, or the Nyale Festival, takes place every year in the tenth month of the Sasak calendar at a time close to the full moon, it’s celebrated in February around 14th and 15th in the south coast beaches of Lombok. The most popular site for celebrating Bau Nyale is at beautiful Seger Beach near Kuta; an area called Putri Nyale (Princess Nyale) by the people of Lombok.
One week before this celebration, the accommodations in Kuta are fully booked with local and overseas visitors who want to see the Festival directly. The festival starts with many attractions such; Presean (people fighting), Adu Pantun a form of traditional poetry, where young people tease and with each other, competing to form verses in a ritual style. More info....

How Go To Lombok

Bandara International Lombok (BIL) or Lombok International Airport has more flights now from Bali, Jakarta, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Palembang, Makasar, Sumbawa, Bima and Flores.

International flight are coming from Malaysia by Airasia and Singapore by Silk Air

By the sea, Kayangan and Lembar harbor serves 24 hours passenger vessel and goods, departure time every one hours.

Kayangan harbor, east of Lombok Island serves for Lombok and Sumbawa trip with duration 1,5 hours for one way trip
Pelabuhan Lembar (Lembar harbor) on the west of Lombok is for Bali and Lombok with duration  4 hoursone way trip

The sub harbors in Senggigi, Teluk Nare and Bangsal are use for Fast boat passenger between Bali and Lombok.

Incoming and outgoing transportation mode in Lombok:

1. AIR PLANE
garudaThe new Bandara International Lombok (BIL) or Lombok International Airport serves daily incoming and outgoing domestic and international flight at the island. Domestic flights are: Garuda Indonesia for Bali - Lombok, Jakarta - Lombok, Sumbawa Lombok and Bima - Lombok.

Lion Air flies for Bali - Lombok, Lombok - Sumbawa, Lombok - Jakarta, Lombok - Surabaya, Lombok - Labuanbajo and Lombok Semarang.

Batik Air fly Lombok - Jogyakarta. City Link fly for Lombok - Bali, Lombok Surabaya and Lombok - Jakarta. Travira Air fly for Lombok - Bennete in West of Sumbawa island.

International flight by Silk Air for Lombok - Singapore with 4 schedules in one week and Air Asia as the new international for Lombok - Malaysia scheduled twice a day.
Lombok International Airport tax is free of charge

2. FAST BOAT
marina-srikandi-fastboatAn alternative way to reach Lombok Island is by Fast Boat from Bali, The are numerous fast boats operated between Bali and Gili islands, Lombok, such , Blue Water Express, Gili Cat, Sea Marlin, Eka Jaya, Marina Srikandi, Scoot fastboat and Gili-gili.

Mostly schedule of the fast boat 2 - 3 trip a day, from Bali depart 9 AM and 12 PM with destination Senggigi Beach, Teluk Nare and three Gilis, Gili Trawangan, Meno and Air.

Departure Schedule from Lombok 9 AM, 11 AM and 1 PM, destination are Padangbai, Nusa Lembongan, Benoa, Sanur and Amed. The trip with departure or destination at Benoa and Sanur take about 2 hours.

Fast boat ticket IDR450.000/person

3. PUBLIC FERRY
Ferry-to-Lombok-BaliLarge ferries carrying passengers, goods and vehicles operate daily between Padangbai (near Candi Dasa in Bali) and Lembar Harbour. These ferries are quite basic and slow, taking between 4-5 hours for the crossing. While they are cheap, it can cost quite a bit extra to get to Padangbai so its worth comparing all alternatives.
If you travel on a budget, public ferry is the alternative mode of transportation to reach Lombok. It departs from Padang Bai (East Bali) to Lembar (West Lombok). Ferry service depart every 2 hours and availalable 24 hours.
Ticket price for Padangbai - Lembar Public Ferry passenger is IDR45.000/person. Only buy the ticket at official ticketing office at the harbor.

The public ferry from Sumbawa depart from Pototano harbor, about same type of the ferry between Bali - Lombok, also carry passengers, goods and vehicles, 1,5 hours journey

The price for passengers is IDR25.000 Only buy the ticket at official ticketing office at the harbor.

All fast boat and ferry services are subject to weather conditions, and the trip across the Lombok Strait can get quite bumpy.

TRAVEL TIPS
Lombok and Bali offers travelers of all ages numerous and various leisure activities to enjoy. There are variety of hotels, resorts and villas to choose from.

FOOD & BEVERAGES
Peel the fruit before eating; avoid raw vegetables except at reputable restaurants. Ice in restaurants is safe. Drink always from bottled water and eat well done cooking food, unless when eating at recommended restaurants/cafes or hotel's outlet.

SHOPPING
Street or beach vendors are often pushing too hard on selling and most visitors feel inconvenient. Never try to look at any of their item/s even they might be interesting to you, even this could be fun for those who want to learn about bargaining tactic. For most visitors this is hassling.

HEALTH
Protect yourself from the intense equatorial sun. Use sun block and hat.
Sexually transmitted diseases are increasing in Indonesia. Local sex workers have multiple partners from all over the world. Act responsibly and use condoms, available over the counter at pharmacies.

BOOK IN ADVANCED
Due to the limited number of flights to Lombok, during the peak season we highly recommend you to make flight booking far in advanced. Don't forget to ask your local tour operator to re-confirm your ticket minimum 24 hours in advanced to ensure yourself to get seats.

RAMADHAN (FASTING) BREAK
Most tourist facilities in Lombok (Gili Islands & Senggigi) remain open during Ramadhan. Local Restaurants might close in residential area in Mataram or Cakranegara to respect the majority of Moesleem Fasting. Tourist are suggested to eat and drinks in hotel's or resort's area.

Lombok Island

Lombok is an island in West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat or NTB) province, Indonesia. It forms part of the chain of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the Lombok Strait separating it from Bali to the west and the Alas Strait between it and Sumbawa to the east. It is roughly circular, with a "tail" (Sekotong Peninsula) to the southwest, about 70 km across and a total area of about 4,514 km² (1,825 sq mi). The provincial capital and largest city on the island is Mataram. It is somewhat similar in size and density with neighboring Bali and shares some cultural heritage, but is administratively part of NTB along with sparsely populated Sumbawa. It is surrounded by a number of smaller islands locally called Gili.

Administration
Lombok is under the administration of the Governor of the province of West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat). The province is administered from the provincial capital of Mataram in West Lombok.

The island is administratively divided into four kabupaten (regencies) and one kota (city). They are as follows, with their areas and populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest (January 2014) official estimates:

Name Area in
Sq.Km
Population
2010 Census
Population
2014 Census
City
Lombok Utara
(North Lombok Regency)
776.25 199,904 209,060 Tanjung
Lombok Barat
(West Lombok Regency)
862.62 599,609 626,941 Gerung
Lombok Tengah
(Central Lombok Regency)
1,208.39 859,309 898,855 Praya
Lombok Timur
(East Lombok Regency)
1,605.55 1,105,671 1,155,247 Selong
Kodya Mataram
(Mataram Capital)
61.30 402,296 420,941 Mataram
Total 4,514.11 3,166,789 3,311,044  

History
lombok-kingThe indigenous Sasak chiefs of Lombok that allied with the Dutch to resist Balinese occupation.

Little is known about the Lombok before the seventeenth century. Before this time it was made up of numerous competing and feuding petty states each of which were presided over by a Sasak 'prince'. This disunity was taken advantage of by the neighbouring Balinese who took control of western Lombok in the early seventeenth century. The Makassarese meanwhile invaded eastern Lombok from their colonies in neighbouring Sumbawa. The Dutch had first visited Lombok in 1674 and the Dutch East India Company concluded its first treaty with the Sasak Princess of Lombok. The Balinese had managed to take over the whole island by 1750, but Balinese infighting resulted in the island being split into four feuding Balinese kingdoms. In 1838, the Mataram kingdom brought its rivals under control.

Relations between the Sasak and Balinese in western Lombok were largely harmonious and intermarriage was common. In the island's east, however, relations were less cordial and the Balinese maintained control from garrisoned forts. While Sasak village government remained in place, the village head became little more than a tax collector for the Balinese. Villagers became a kind of serf and Sasak aristocracy lost much of its power and land holdings.
Dutch intervention in Lombok and Karangasem against the Balinese in 1894.

During one of the many Sasak peasant rebellions against the Balinese, Sasak chiefs sent envoys to the Dutch in Bali and invited them to rule Lombok. In June 1894, the governor general of the Dutch East Indies, Van der Wijck, signed a treaty with Sasak rebels in eastern Lombok. He sent a large army to Lombok and the Balinese raja capitulated to Dutch demands.(see Dutch intervention in Lombok) The younger princes however overruled the raja and attacked and routed the Dutch. The Dutch counterattacked overrunning Mataram and the raja surrendered. The entire island was annexed to the Netherlands East Indies in 1895. The Dutch ruled over Lombok's 500,000 people with a force of no more than 250 by cultivating the support of the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy. The Dutch are remembered in Lombok as liberators from Balinese hegemony.

During World War II a Japanese invasion force comprising elements of the 2nd Southern Expeditionary Fleet invaded and occupied the Lesser Sunda Islands, including the island of Lombok. They sailed from Soerabaja harbour at 09:00 hrs on 8 March 1942 and proceeded towards Lombok Island. On 9 May 1942 at 17:00 hrs the fleet sailed into port of Ampenan on Lombok Island. The Dutch defenders were soon defeated and the island occupied.[4]

Following the cessation of hostilities the Japanese forces occupying Indonesia were withdrawn and Lombok returned temporarily to Dutch control. Following the subsequent Indonesian independence from the Dutch, the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy continued to dominate Lombok. In 1958, the island was incorporated into the province of West Nusa Tenggara with Mataram becoming the provincial capital. Mass killings of communists occurred across the island following the abortive coup attempt in Jakarta and Central Java. During President Suharto's New Order administration, Lombok experienced a degree of stability and development but not to the extent of the boom and wealth in Java and Bali. Crop failures led to famine in 1966 and food shortages in 1973. The national government's transmigrasi program moved a lot of people out of Lombok. The 1980s saw external developers and speculators instigate a nascent tourism boom although local's share of earnings was limited. Indonesia's political and economic crises of the late 1990s hit Lombok hard. In January 2000, riots broke out across Mataram with Christians and ethnic Chinese the main victims, with alleged agents provocateur from outside Lombok. Tourism slumped, but in recent years has seen a renewed growth.

Demographics

The island's inhabitants are 85% Sasak whose origins are thought to have migrated from Java in the first millennium BC. Other residents include an estimated 10–15% Balinese, with the small remainder being Tionghoa-peranakan, Javanese, Sumbawanese and Arab Indonesians.

The Sasak population are culturally and linguistically closely related to the Balinese, but unlike the Hindu Balinese, the majority are Muslim and the landscape is punctuated with mosques and minarets. Islamic traditions and holidays influence the Island's daily activities.

In 2008 the Island of Lombok had 866,838 households and an average of 3.635 persons per household.

The 2010 census recorded a population of 4,496,855 people in the province of NTB, of which 70.42% reside on Lombok, giving it a population of 3,166,789 at that date.

List of islands

Lombok is surrounded by many islets, of which are:



Northwest: colloquiallythe
Gili Islands (North Lombok Regency)

  • Gili Trawangan
  • Gili Meno
  • Gili Air

East Coast of Nusa Tenggara

  • Gili Puyuh
  • Gili Sulat

Southwest (Sekotong Peninsula, West Lombok Regency)

  • Gili Nanggu
  • Gili Sudak
  • Gili Tangkong
  • Gili Poh
  • Gili Genting
  • Gili Lontar
  • Gili Layar
  • Gili Amben
  • Gili Gede
  • Gili Anyaran
  • Gili Layar
  • Gili Asahan
  • Gili Nanggu.



Northeast (East Lombok Regency)

  • Gili Lawang
  • Gili Sulat
  • Gili Pentangan
  • Gili Bidara (Pasaran)
  • Gili Lampu
  • Gili Puyu
  • Gili Sulat

Southeast (East Lombok Regency)

  • Gili Indah
  • Gili Merengke
  • Gili Belek

South Coast (West Lombok Regency)

  • Gili Solet
  • Gili Sarang Burung
  • Gili Kawu
  • Gili Puyuh
  • Nambung Beach

Religion
Traditional Sasak houses
The oldest mosque dating from 1634 in Bayan
Pura Meru in Mataram, a Hindu temple built in 1720.
Buddhist Temple near Tanjung on the north coast

The island's indigenous Sasak people are predominantly Muslim however before the arrival of Islam Lombok experienced a long period of Hindu and Buddhist influence that reached the island through Java. A minority Balinese Hindu culture remains in Lombok. Islam may have first been brought to Lombok by traders arriving from Sumbawa in the 17th century who then established a following in eastern Lombok. Other accounts describe the first influences arriving in the first half of the sixteenth century. According to the palm leaf manuscript Babad Lombok which contains the history of Lombok describes how Sunan Prapen was sent by his father The Susuhunan Ratu of Giri on a military expedition to Lombok and Sumbawa in order to convert the population and propagate the new religion. However, the new religion took on a highly syncretistic character, frequently mixing animist and Hindu-Buddhist beliefs and practices with Islam.

A more orthodox version of Islam increased in popularity in the early twentieth century. The Indonesian government agamaization programs (acquiring of a religion) in Lombok during 1967 and 1968 led to a period of some considerable confusion in religious allegiances and practices. These agamaization programs later led to the emergence of more conformity in religious practices in Lombok. The Hindu minority religion is still practised in Lombok alongside the majority Muslim religion.
Indigenous Sasak dancers performing traditional Lombok wardance C1880.

Hinduism is followed by ethnic Balinese and by a minority of the indigenous Sasak. All the main Hindu religious ceremonies are celebrated in Lombok and there are many villages throughout Lombok that have a Hindu majority population. According to local legends two of the oldest villages on the island, Bayan and Sembalun, were founded by a prince of Majapahit. According to the 2010 population census declared adherents of Hinduism numbered 101,000 people with the highest concentration in the Mataram Regency where they accounted for 14% of the population. The Ditjen Bimas Hindu (DBH)/ Hindu Religious Affairs Directorate's own analysis conducted in close association with Hindu communities throughout the country found that the number of Hindus in the population are much higher than counted in the government census. The survey carried out in 2012 found the Hindu population of Lombok to be 445,933. This figure is more in line with the commonly stated view that 10-15% of the Islands population is Hindu.

The Nagarakertagama, the 14th century palm leaf poem that was found on Lombok, places the island as one of the vassals of the Majapahit empire. This manuscript contained detailed descriptions of the Majapahit Kingdom and also affirmed the importance of Hindu-Buddhism in the Majapahit empire by describing temple, palaces and several ceremonial observances.

Christianity is practised by a small minority including some ethnic Chinese and immigrants from Bali and East Nusa Tenggara. There are Roman Catholic churches and parishes in Ampenan, Mataram, Praya and Tanjung. Two Buddhist temples can be visited in and around Tanjung where about 800 Buddhists live.

The history of a small Arab community in Lombok has history dating back to early settlement by traders from Yemen. The community is still evident mainly in Ampenan, the old Port of Mataram. Due to the siting of a UNHCR refugee centre in Lombok some refugees from middle eastern countries have intermarried with Lombok people[citation needed].

A non-orthodox Islamic group found only on Lombok are the Wektu Telu ("Three times"), who pray three times daily, instead of the five times stipulated in the Quran. Waktu Telu beliefs are entwined with animism, and is influenced not only by Islam, but also Hinduism and pantheistic beliefs. There are also remnants of Boda who maintain Pagan Sasak beliefs and could be representative of an original Sasak culture, undiluted by later Islamic innovations.

Many influences of animist belief prevail within the Sasak people, most of whom believe in the existence of spirits or ghosts. They regard both food and prayer as indispensable whenever they seek to communicate with spirits, including the dead and ritualistic traditional practices endure.Traditional magic is practised to ward off evil and illness and to seek solutions to disputations and antipathy. Magic may be practised by an individual alone but normally a person experienced in such things is sought out to render a service. Normally money or gifts are made to this person and the most powerful practitioners are treated with considerable respect

Tourism
One of the unique traditional crafts from Lombok
Tourism is an important source of income on Lombok. The most developed tourism area of the island is on the west coast of the island and is centered about the township of Senggigi. The immediate surrounds of the township contain the most developed tourism facilities. The west coast coastal tourism strip is spread along a 30 km strip following the coastal road north from Mataram and the old airport at Ampenan. The principal tourism area extends to Tanjung in the northwest at the foot of Mount Rinjani and includes the Sire and Medana Peninsulas and the highly popular Gili Islands lying immediately offshore. These three small islands are most commonly accessed by boat from Bangsal near Pemenang, Teluk Nare a little to the south, or from further south at Senggigi and Mangsit beach. Many hotels and resorts offer accommodations ranging from budget to luxurious. Recently direct fast boat services have been running from Bali making a direct connection to the Gili islands. Although rapidly changing in character, the Gili islands still provide both a lay-back backpacker's retreat and a high class resort destination.

Other tourist destinations include Mount Rinjani, Gili Bidara, Gili Lawang, Narmada Park and Mayura Park and Kuta (distinctly different from Kuta, Bali).[23] Sekotong, in southwest Lombok, is popular for its numerous and diverse scuba diving locations.

The Kuta area is also famous for its beautiful, largely deserted, white sand beaches. The Small town is rapidly developing since the opening of the International airport in Praya. Increasing amounts of surfers from around the globe come here seeking out perfect surf and the slow and rustic feel Lombok. South Lombok surfing is considered some of the best in the world. Large polar lows push up through the Indian Ocean directing long range, high period swell from as far south as Heard Island from late March through to September or later. This conicides with the dry season and South-East trade winds that blow like clock work. Lombok is famous for its diversity of breaks, which includes world renowned Desert Point at Banko Banko in the southwest of the island.

The northern west coast near Tanjung has many new upmarket hotel and villa developments centreed about the Sire and Medana peninsular nearby to the Gili islands and a new boating marina at Medana bay. These new developments complement the already existing 5 star resorts and a large golf course already established there.